Today I’ll tell you what I know about money management and money management systems.
You see, to get out of debt and stay debt free forever you need to:
- Get to know your debt intimately;
- Map your overall financial situation including tracking your cash flow and updating your net worth; and
- Understand and apply savvy money management.
Understanding money management is very, very important. Let’s just say that I didn’t understand any of it and I’m a Business School Professor (okay, I don’t teach management but still…).
Another reason I decided to publish this tonight is that we had to have another ‘money session’ with sons. We had discuss an emergency bailout after I received texts from each of them saying: ‘I’m skint’. (For my readers in the US, this means ‘I’m broke’.)
You see, our sons think that they know how to manage their money and they simply don’t earn enough. Still, one of them makes the average salary in the UK. (I’d agree that the average salary in the UK is miserly but many people raise families on that.)
This is why tonight I’d tell you about six money management systems I’ve tried; and you should try them too. It takes quite a bit of trying and adjustment to develop the system that fits you like a tight glove.
#1. Arkad’s Money Management System
This I probably one of the oldest money management systems and I love it because of its simplicity.
It comes from George Clason’s classic The Richest Man in Babylon. (And if you have not read this book do it; do it now. Don’t waste your time reading me when there is a little masterpiece waiting for you.)
Arkad is the main character in the book and one can learn a lot from him about building wealth. Still, one of the main things I learn from Arkad was his money management system.
According to this system:
- Ten percent of all you earn should be saved and invested.
- Twenty percent of all you earn should be used to pay debts – if the amount is insufficient one should negotiate with their creditors firmly and convince them that this all that they can afford but that they will pay diligently.
- Seventy percent off all you earn should be used to cover all living expenses.
This system is beautiful in its simplicity but don’t let this deceive you. It appears simple, and very practical, because it works by proportions rather than absolutes.
What does this mean?
Well, there are two clear messages in the system:
- It doesn’t matter how much you earn you should always follow these proportions. If you have to change your life and make sacrifices to fit within the 70% allotted to living expenses, so be it.
- To expand your life – and the amounts you pay off your debt and save/invest – you have to increase your income.
Verdict: This money management system is probably my favourite because it focuses the attention on increasing income, not further reduction of living expenses.
#2. The Balanced Money Formula
The Balanced Money Formula approach to money management was developed by Elizabeth Warren and Amelia Tyagi in their book All Your Worth: The Ultimate Lifetime Money Plan .
The Balanced Money Formula uses three elements; these are ‘needs’, ‘wants’ and ‘savings’.
‘Need’ is everything that you absolutely have to pay and this group of spending would include shelter, facilities, cars and insurance, food and basic clothing.
- ‘Want’ is everything above the basic needs that we have in our lives like eating out, going out, holidays etc. This category can include the things that you can cut out but this will cause temporary discomfort.
- ‘Savings’ includes also debt repayment until this is all gone. (You may be wondering about the rationale for this but remember that paying off your debt increases your net worth; just like saving and investing more does.)
According to the Balanced Money Formula principles, you should:
- Spend no more than 50% of your net income on needs and ideally spending in this category should be kept under 35%.
- Spend on ‘wants’ up to 30% of your net income.
- Put in savings no less than 20% of your income.
Verdict: This money management system is practical as well and easy to follow. A potential point of confusion is the distinction between ‘needs’ and ‘wants’. This one also doesn’t clearly send the message that the way forward is to increase your income; if anything, when testing it I had a tendency to cut down the ‘wants’ and increase the ‘savings’ category.
#3. The JARS Money Management System
For the non-initiated ones: if you think that JARS stands for something you’d be wrong. This system involves jars; as in the glass pots that you keep jam in.
The JARS money management system was developed by T. Harv Eker in his book Secrets of the Millionaire Mind.
According to this system, you ought to think of your money in terms of going into six jars:
- Necessities jar (55%): this is to cover all your monthly expenses.
- Financial Freedom Account (10%): this is the one that you should use for investing and building passive income.
- Education Account (10%): to succeed in anything one need to learn, right?
- Long term savings for spending account (10%): this one is for ‘extraordinary’ spending like holidays etc.
- Play account (10%): this is the money you spend on things you wouldn’t otherwise buy. It is supposed to nurture yourself (like order steak instead of chicken when you next go out to eat).
- Give account (5%): this is for giving away to good causes of your choice (we give to The Trussell Trust because I believe that people shouldn’t go hungry in the 21st century).
You are free to add jars and change the proportions. What is important is to always put something in these basic jars (well, you can use bank accounts to do this).
Verdict: I tried this one and found it hard going. It lacks the simplicity of Arkad’s money management and the balanced money formula. Still, I found that the ‘play’ account and the ‘education’ account are a great reminder to keep things in proportion when paying off debt. And so is the ‘give’ account.
#4. The Envelope Money Management System
This was quite popular with some of my buddies when we were paying off debt together and even I used it for a while.
Its main principles are very simple:
- Your first step should be to work out how much money you have left after paying off the bills and, ideally, putting some money in savings.
- Next, you ought to work out your spending categories (e.g. food, drink, transport etc.).
- Get envelopes and write the spending category at the front (e.g. food).
- Put all the cash (yes, this is a cash based system) for food in the appropriate envelope. Do the same with the other envelopes.
- Spend only the money in the envelope and get creative.
Verdict: I used this one for a while and have to say that it is working. Found it hard going because of the cash (you have to plan) and because of the categories. Interestingly, these are exactly the properties of the envelope system that are most useful because they develop good habits.
#5. Money Management The Money Principle Way
When we were in the heat of paying off our debt, we experimented with all these money management systems.
At the end, we ended up using a system that combined elements of the different money management systems.
There are three elements that I found particularly helpful. These are:
- We started a ‘millionaire account’. In this account we put a minimum of 10% of our monthly net income and we didn’t touch this money except for investments (including attending courses and education). This account will not necessarily make you a millionaire but it will certainly open opportunities and contribute to a more secure future.
- We create a ‘financial buffer’. This is also known as ‘emergency fund’ but I always saw out debt as THE emergency. We kept £1,000 in it for unforeseen or accidental expenditure.
- We maintained ‘I’m so worth it’ funds. This fund is probably what distinguishes The Money Principle approach and the rest. Even when you are paying off debt aggressively, you should remember that life is for living. We maintained these funds the whole time we were paying off debt (and still have them). At the moment we put in these funds (John and I have separate ones) very small proportion of our income but since our income has grown quite a bit it is enough to get us the ‘finer thing’ we enjoy. I’d probably say that the ‘I’m so worth it’ funds made the biggest difference to our lives when paying off debt and kept us going.
Verdict: I’d rather not. Just try it and let me know whether it was worth it.
#6. The ERR Money Management Strategy
The ERR money management strategy is another innovation by The Money Principle and it is somewhat different from the systems discussed above.
The ERR money management strategy is about three things:
- Eliminate (waste);
- Replace (activities and the way you do these); and
- Reduce (consumption).
This assumes that you already know what your monthly cash flow is. If you haven’t done this, please do (using The Money Principle Monthly Budgeting Tool will help you do that with as little pain as possible).
You can learn more about the ERR money management system and how to apply it here.
Verdict: I’d rather not do this one either. I’d just say that I use this every three months or so and it does help me keep our spending down (without restricting what we do).
To get out of debt, you need commitment, knowledge and action. Here you can learn about six money management systems and how to apply this to your advantage.